GaBi Solutions

Extension Database XXIII: Materials based on 100% purchased renewable electricity

Process nameCountryTypeData source

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Granulate (ABS) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.060- 1.080 g/cm3, 39.0 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Granulate (ABS) Mix (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.060- 1.080 g/cm3, 39.0 MJ/kg net calorific v...

DEaggSphera

Aluminium extrusion profile (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
primary production mix, at plant ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion prod...

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium ingot mix (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium ingot product

EU-28aggSphera

Aluminium profile (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium semi-finished extrusion product,...

CNaggSphera

Aluminium sheet (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
aluminium semi-finished sheet product, inc...

CNaggSphera

Aluminium sheet mix (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
primary aluminium, sheet thickness between...

EU-28aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (economic allocation) (Renew. electr. LC)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Ammonia (NH3) with CO2 recovery, by-product carbon dioxide (without allocation) (Renew. electr. LC)
Haber-Bosch process, from natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.7714 kg/m3, 17.03 g/mol

EU-28p-aggSphera

Application paint emulsion (building, exterior, white) (A5) (Renew. electr. LC)
building, exterior, white, 4,5% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Benzene mix (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix, from pyrolysis gasoline, reformate and toluene dealkylation ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.88 g/cm3, 78 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

BF Steel billet / slab/ bloom (Renew. electr. LC)
blast furnace route ;
single route, at plant ;
carbon steel

EU-28p-aggSphera

BF Steel billet / slab/ bloom (Renew. electr. LC)
BF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
Crude steel

CNp-aggSphera

Bisphenol A (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
solid, density: 1,2 g·cm−3, molar mass: 228,28...

EU-28aggSphera

Brass (CuZn20) (Renew. electr. LC)
anode furnace and casting, mainly from brass scrap, secondary production ;
single route, at plant ;
80% copper, 20% zinc

EU-28p-aggSphera

Cement (average) (burden free binders) (Renew. electr. LC)
grinding and clinkering, from gravel ;
production mix, at plant ;
Average

CNaggSphera

Cement (CEM II 32.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM II 32.5

EU-28aggSphera

Cement (CEM III 42.5) (burden free binders) (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
CEM III 42.5

EU-28aggSphera

Chlorine mix (chlorine production countries) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
3.22 kg/m3, 35 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Container glass (Renew. electr. LC)
glass melting and conditioning, from quartz sand ;
production mix, at plant ;
59% quartz sand content

EU-28p-aggSphera

Copper mix (99,999% from electrolysis) (Renew. electr. LC)
from electrolysis ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
99,999% Cu

GLOaggSphera

Copper pipe mix, bare (A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at producer ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Copper sheet (Renew. electr. LC)
rolling, pickling, and annealing ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.5 mm

CNaggSphera

Crushed stone 16/32 (Renew. electr. LC)
open pit mining ;
production mix, at plant ;
16/32, undried

DEaggSphera

Diethylene glycol by product ethylene glycol from ethene and oxygen via EO (Renew. electr. LC)
from ethene and oxygen ;
single route, at plant ;
1.12 g/m³, 106 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Diethylene glycol by product ethylene glycol from ethene and oxygen via EO (Renew. electr. LC)
from ethene and oxygen ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.12 g/m³, 106 g/mol

USaggSphera

EAF Steel billet / slab / bloom (Renew. electr. LC)
EAF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
Crude steel

EU-28p-aggSphera

Ethanol (96%) (hydrogenation with nitric acid) (Renew. electr. LC)
hydrogenation with nitric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
96 % concentrated

EU-28aggSphera

Ethanol (96%) (hydrogenation with nitric acid) (Renew. electr. LC)
hydrogenation with nitric acid ;
single route, at plant ;
96 % concentrated

USaggSphera

Ethene (ethylene) (Renew. electr. LC)
steam cracker, from naphtha ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.178 kg/m3, 28 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Expanded polystyrene foam (PS 20) (A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
styrene polymerization, foaming ;
single producer, at plant ;
PS 20, no flame retardand

EU-28aggSphera

Facing brick (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
clay- based

EU-28aggSphera

Facing brick (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1800 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Ferro chrome (high carbon ~ 6%) (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production, ore mining and processing ;
production mix, at plant ;
60 % chrome, high carbon ~ 6%

ZAaggSphera

Ferro chrome high carbon, consumption mix (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
60 % chrome, high carbon

DEaggSphera

Ferro-manganese, high-carbon (HC FeMn), 74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon

GLOaggSphera

Ferro-manganese, high-carbon (HC FeMn), 74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
74 to 82 wt. % Mn, up to 7.5 wt % carbon

ZAaggSphera

Float flat glass (Renew. electr. LC)
cut, Pilkington process, from sand and soda ash ;
production mix, at plant ;
23% cullet (cut-off, burden free)

EU-28aggSphera

Glass fibres (Renew. electr. LC)
from mineral components ;
production mix, at plant ;
Borosillicate glass / E-glass

USaggSphera

Glass fibres (Renew. electr. LC)
from mineral components ;
production mix, at plant ;
Borosillicate glass / E-glass

CNaggSphera

Glass fibres (Renew. electr. LC)
from mineral components ;
production mix, at plant ;
Borosillicate glass / E-glass

EU-28aggSphera

Glass wool (Renew. electr. LC)
fleece ;
production mix, at plant ;
density between 10 to 100 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Gold (primary) (Renew. electr. LC)
primary route, underground mining, underground mining and leaching ;
production mix, at plant ;
19.32 g/cm3, 196.97 g/mol

GLOaggSphera

Gold mix (primary, copper and recycling route) (Renew. electr. LC)
primary and copper anode sludge route as well as recycling, underground mining ;
production mix, at plant ;
19.32 g/cm3, 196.97 g/mol

GLOp-aggSphera

Green electricity grid mix (avg power plants) (prod. mix) (model status 2021.1, static, NOT updated)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

EU-28aggSphera

Green electricity grid mix (production mix) (model status 2021.1, static, NOT updated)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

GLOaggSphera

Green electricity grid mix (production mix) (model status 2021.1, static, NOT updated)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

RNAaggSphera

Green electricity grid mix (production mix) (model status 2021.1, static, NOT updated)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

USaggSphera

Green electricity grid mix- Far East (production mix) (model status 2021.1, static, NOT updated)
AC, technology mix ;
production mix, to consumer ;
<1kV

RASaggSphera

Gypsum interior plaster (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Gypsum interior plaster (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Hydrogen (Europipeline) (Renew. electr. LC)
via Europipeline ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/cm3, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

EU-28aggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming natural gas) (Renew. electr. LC)
Steam reforming - natural gas ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/cm3

EU-28aggSphera

Hydrogen (steam reforming natural gas) (Renew. electr. LC)
steam reforming, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
0.0899 kg/m3, 2 g/mol, 120 MJ/kg net calorific v...

USaggSphera

Lead (99,995%) (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
99,995 % Pb

RNAaggSphera

Lead (99,995%) (Renew. electr. LC)
primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
99,995 % Pb

DEaggSphera

Lead sheet (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Lead

CNp-aggSphera

Limestone flour (0.5µm) (Renew. electr. LC)
limestone mining and beneficiation ;
production mix, at plant ;
grain size 0.5µm

DEaggSphera

Magnesium (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix, primary production ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.74 g/cm3, 24 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Methanol from natural gas (combined reforming) (Renew. electr. LC)
purified, steam reforming, from natural gas ;
single route, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 32 g/mol

USaggSphera

Methanol from natural gas (combined reforming) approximation (Renew. electr. LC)
from natural gas, combined reforming ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.79 g/cm3, 32.04 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Methanol mix (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
0.79 g/cm3, 32.04 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Natural stone slab, flexible, facade (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
104 kg/m2

DEaggSphera

Natural stone slab, flexible, facade (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
104 kg/m2

CNaggSphera

Nitrogen (gaseous) (Renew. electr. LC)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.250 kg/m3, 14.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Nitrogen (liquid) (Renew. electr. LC)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
14.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

NPK 15-15-15 (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
NPK 15-15-15

DEaggSphera

NPK 15-15-15 (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
NPK 15-15-15

USaggSphera

Oxygen (gaseous) (Renew. electr. LC)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.429 kg/m3, 16.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Oxygen (liquid) (Renew. electr. LC)
via cryogenic air separation ;
production mix, at plant ;
16.0 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Phenol (Renew. electr. LC)
Hock Process, oxidation of cumene ;
single route, at plant ;
1.07 g/cm3, 94 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Polyacrylonitrile Fibres (PAN) (Renew. electr. LC)
Polymerization, dissolving, spinning ;
single route, at plant ;
PAN without additives, 53 g/mol, 29 MJ/kg net ca...

EU-28aggSphera

Polyamide 6.6 fibres (PA 6.6) (Renew. electr. LC)
from adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine (HMDA) ;
production mix, at plant ;
PA 6.6 granulate without additives, 32 MJ/kg n...

EU-28aggSphera

Polycarbonate Granulate (PC) (Renew. electr. LC)
durable material, phosgenation of Bisphenol A ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.22 g/cm3

CNaggSphera

Polycarbonate Granulate (PC) (Renew. electr. LC)
durable material, posgenation of Bisphenol A ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.22 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Polyethylene foam (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
30 kg/m3

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene foam (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
30 kg/m3

USaggSphera

Polyethylene high density granulate (HDPE/PE-HD) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene high density granulate (HDPE/PE-HD) (Renew. electr. LC)
Polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

USaggSphera

Polyethylene high density granulate (HDPE/PE-HD) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

CNaggSphera

Polyethylene Linear Low Density Granulate (LLDPE/PE-LLD) (Renew. electr. LC)
Polymerisation of ethylene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91- 0.96 g/cm3, 28 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate bottle grade granulate (PET) via PTA (Renew. electr. LC)
via purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

USaggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate bottle grade granulate (PET) via PTA (Renew. electr. LC)
via purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate fibres (PET) (Renew. electr. LC)
esterification of dimethyl terephthalate with ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate granulate (PET) via DMT (Renew. electr. LC)
from dimethyl terephthalate and ethylene glycol ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Polyethylene terephthalate granulate (PET) via DMT (Renew. electr. LC)
from dimethyl terephthalate and ethylene glycol ;
single route, at plant ;
1.38 g/cm3, 192.17 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polypropylene / Ethylene Propylene Diene Elastomer Granulate (PP/EPDM, TPE-O) (Renew. electr. LC)
Production from propene and ethene in gas phase ;
Single route, at plant ;
PP/EPDM, TPE-O

USaggSphera

Polypropylene fibers (PP) (Renew. electr. LC)
crude oil based ;
production mix, at plant ;
without additives

EU-28aggSphera

Polypropylene granulate (PP) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of propene ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.91 g/cm3, 42.08 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polystyrene High Impact Granulate (HI-PS) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol per repeating unit

USaggSphera

Polystyrene High Impact Granulate (HI-PS) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of styrene ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.05 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol per repeating unit

EU-28aggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride granulate (Suspension, S-PVC) (Renew. electr. LC)
polymerisation of vinyl chloride ;
production mix, at plant ;
62 g/mol per repeating unit, 16.75 MJ/kg net c...

USaggSphera

Polyvinyl chloride granulate (Suspension; S-PVC) mix (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix, 85% via carbide route, 15% via ethylene from cracker ;
production mix, at plant ;
62 g/mol per repeating unit, 16.75 MJ/kg net c...

CNaggSphera

Primer water-based (windows, white) (Renew. electr. LC)
10% organic solvents ;
production mix, at plant ;
1 kg

EU-28aggSphera

Purified terephthalic acid (PTA) (Renew. electr. LC)
Amoco process ;
production mix, at plant ;
1.522 g/cm³, 166.13 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Sand 0/2 (Renew. electr. LC)
wet and dry quarry ;
production mix, at plant ;
0/2, undried

EU-28aggSphera

Sand-lime brick (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
Sand-lime brick

EU-28aggSphera

Silicon mix (99%) (Renew. electr. LC)
purified, electric arc furnace process, from quartz sand ;
single route, at plant ;
99% purity

GLOaggSphera

Silver mix (Renew. electr. LC)
from electrolysis ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
solid, density: 10.49 g·cm−3, molar mass: ...

GLOaggSphera

Soda (Na2CO3) (Renew. electr. LC)
Solvay process, from carbon dioxide and ammonia ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.53 g/cm3, 105 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Sodium chloride (rock salt) (Renew. electr. LC)
salt mining and leaching ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.17 g/cm3, 58.44 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Sodium chloride (rock salt) (Renew. electr. LC)
mining and processing ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.17 g/cm3, 58.44 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Sodium chloride (rock salt) (Renew. electr. LC)
salt mining and leaching ;
production mix, at plant ;
2.17 g/cm3, 58.44 g/mol

USaggSphera

Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) mix (100%) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
1

EU-28aggSphera

Stainless steel cold roll (Renew. electr. LC)
cold rolled, electric arc furnace process, from steel scrap, secondary production ;
single route, at plant ;
stainless steel

DEp-aggSphera

Steel billet (20MoCr4) (Renew. electr. LC)
electric arc furnace route, secondary ;
single route, at plant ;
0.2% carbon, 1% molybdenum, chromium non- specif...

DEp-aggSphera

Steel cold rolled coil <1,5mm (Renew. electr. LC)
BF route ;
production mix, at plant ;
<1,5mm

DEp-aggSphera

Stoneware tiles unglazed (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2000 kg/m3

CNaggSphera

Stoneware tiles, glazed (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2000 kg/m3

DEaggSphera

Stoneware tiles, unglazed (EN15804 A1-A3) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
production mix, at plant ;
2000 kg/m3

DEaggSphera

Styrene (Renew. electr. LC)
catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (EBSM) ;
single route, at plant ;
0.91 g/cm3, 104 g/mol

USaggSphera

Styrene (Renew. electr. LC)
catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene (EBSM) ;
production mix, at plant ;
0.909 g/cm3, 104.15 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Styrene-butadiene rubber (S-SBR) (Renew. electr. LC)
suspension polymerization of styrene and butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
27% styrene content, 36 MJ/kg net calorific va...

USaggSphera

Styrene-butadiene rubber (S-SBR) (Renew. electr. LC)
suspension polymerization of styrene and butadiene ;
production mix, at plant ;
27% styrene content, 36 MJ/kg net calorific va...

EU-28aggSphera

Sulphuric acid aq. (96%) (Renew. electr. LC)
concentrated, sulphur dioxide route ;
single route, at plant ;
96%, 1.84 g/cm3

USaggSphera

Sulphuric acid mix (96%) (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
96% aqueous solution, M= 98.079 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Synthesis gas (CO:H2 = 1:1) from light fuel oil (Renew. electr. LC)
autothermal steam reforming, from light fuel oil ;
production mix, at plant ;
50% hydrogen, 50% carbon monoxide

USaggSphera

Synthesis gas (H2: CO = 3: 1) from natural gas (Renew. electr. LC)
via steam reforming ;
production mix, at plant ;
75% hydrogen, 25% carbon monoxide

EU-28aggSphera

Water (desalinated; deionised) (Renew. electr. LC)
via ion exchange ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

EU-28aggSphera

Water (desalinated; deionised) (Renew. electr. LC)
via ion exchange ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

CNaggSphera

Water deionized (Renew. electr. LC)
highly pure, via ion exchange, from hydrochloric acid and caustic soda ;
single route, at plant ;
1000 kg/m3, 18 g/mol

USaggSphera

Zinc redistilled mix (Renew. electr. LC)
technology mix, primary production ;
consumption mix, to consumer ;
7.14 g/cm3, 65 g/mol

DEaggSphera