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Environmental Priority Strategies (EPS)

Environmental Priority Strategies (EPS)


The EPS system (EPS is an acronym for Environmental Priority Strategies in product design) was developed to meet the requirements of an everyday product development process where the environmental concern is just one among several others. The development of the EPS system started in 1989 on request from Volvo and as a co-operation between Volvo, the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) and the Swedish Federation of Industries. Since then it has been modified several times during projects, which have involved several companies, like in the Swedish Product Ecology Project (Ryding et. al 1995) and the Nordic NEP project (Steen, 1995).


About EPS

EPS is a systematic approach to choose between design options in product and process development. Its basic idea is to make a list of environmental damage costs available to the designer in the same way as ordinary costs are available for materials, processes and parts. The designer may then calculate the total costs over the product’s life cycle and compare design options.

EPS includes an impact assessment (characterisation and weighting) method for emissions and use of natural resources which can be applied in any Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).

The EPS method is available in two versions:
-    EPS 2015d - Incl impacts from secondary particles
-    EPS 2015dx - Excl impacts from secondary particles

The results of the EPS impact assessment method are damage costs for emissions and use of natural resources expressed as ELU (Environmental Load Units). One ELU represents an externality corresponding to one Euro environmental damage cost.For more information see:

thinkstep and IABP-GaBi cannot be held responsible for any of this information and data.

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