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GaBi LCA Databases - Upgrade 2022 Edition (February 2022)

In the scope of the GaBi Databases 2022 Edition upgrade, this year we are also providing you with a wide range of additions and improvements. Please find the details below:

We have fully refreshed all GaBi datasets included in the GaBi Databases 2022 Edition with the most current, consistent energy data and the latest available technological information, giving you the peace of mind that you can continue to work with the best LCI data available on the market. We have also enriched the content with well over 300 new datasets—a free, voluntary bonus for all clients with an annual maintenance contract or subscription license. Also, the latest IPCC Assessment report 6 (AR6, final draft version of August 2021) and the new SBK Bepalingsmethode (Jan. 2021, NMD 3.3) have been added and several other established LCIA Methodologies have been updated to the latest versions.

The total number of plans and processes amounts to almost 17,000, making the GaBi Databases by far the largest, most consistent high quality LCA database, worldwide. Part of this are the about 3,500 datasets that are available as data-on-demand-only content.

Since the 2017 Edition, we have stepwise included regionalized water and land use data throughout the GaBi Databases, which you can use with your own regional water consumption information. We have further advanced the compliance and standardization for ISO 14040 /14044 / 14025, EN 15804, ILCD, EF (PEF/OEF), and the internal dataset documentation is more detailed than in previous versions. For example, we have added details in the national/regional electricity datasets using Sankey diagrams.

Please read on for more information:

1. Fully refreshed database content

We have fully refreshed all datasets in the 2022 Edition to represent the latest energy and technology information, legislation and supply chains. With GaBi Data, you can rest assured that you are using the most up-to-date, consistent data available.

This includes, among other things:

  1. Global energy mix and production data updates
  2. Update of the treatment plant models/parameters
  3. Updated global supply chains / mixes
  4. Further expanded regionalization of land use and water consumption elementary flows
  5. Energy update: All energy-related datasets, such as electricity, thermal energy, fuels and the like, have been upgraded in line with the latest available, consistent international energy trade and technology data. Please see the "Upgrades and improvements" document for more information on energy and the reminder of that document for all other changes, additions and corrections.

We have further extended and improved documentation at the LCI level for many datasets, giving you efficient and structured access to all details about what each data set represents, how it was modelled, data sources, achieved data quality (with a set of data quality indicators), review information and compliance (e.g., with ISO 14040 and 14044 for all our own datasets and ILCD data network entry-level for a large share).

Did you know that you can also browse the entire documentation of all readily available datasets online?

You can find all changes we made in this year's upgrade in the important "Upgrades and improvements" document. It provides you with information on relevantly affected datasets or groups of datasets, the extent of changes in terms of changed impact results (for most cases) and reasons for the changes. Glance through the report to check for any changes that might affect your models to stay on top of your results and analyses.

2. We have added over 300 new LCI datasets, including:

Professional DB: 150 new processesDE: Caprolactam mix,, DE: Green electricity grid mix (production mix)(2020), US: Metal roll form-ing, US: diverse spray polyurethane foam insulation, EU-28: diverse wood chips, RNA: EPD for renewable primary resources, recovered thermal energy,…Indian DB: 22 new processesAssociation datasets for aluminum from AA, precious metals from IPA, nickel sulphate hexahy-drate from Nickel Institute, natural rubber, universal tractor, pesticide,…Extension DB Ia “organic Intermediates”: 6 new processesDiverse organic intermediate products, such as cumene (isopropylbenzene), ethene, methacry-late, and chlorodiflouromethanechlorodifluoromethane, … Extension DB Ib “inorganic Intermediates”: 6 new processesDiverse inorganic intermediate products:, such as phosphoric acid, titanium dioxide pigment, trichlorosilane by-product chlorosilanes, sodium hydroxide from chlorine-alkali-electrolysis, and ammonia without CO2 recovery.Extension DB II “energy”: 58 new processesElectricity from biogas for several countries, US: Electricity from nuclear, SG: Electricity grid mix, Electricity grid mixes for several US subregions, IN: Thermal energy from LPG,…And 2 new plans:Extension DB US: Electricity grid mix (production mix)US: Electricity grid mix, Puerto Rico (production mix)Extension DB VII “plastics”: 4 new processesBR: Polyethylene Linear Low Density Granulate (LLDPE/PE-LLD)JP: Polyethylene Linear Low Density Granulate (LLDPE/PE-LLD)EU-28: Polyvinyl butyral (PVB) by-product ethyl acetateDE: Natural Rubber (NR) (incl. LUC emissions)Extension DB IXa “end of life”: 1 new processEU-28: Ferro metals in waste incineration plantExtension DB XII “renewable materials”: 1 new processDE: Cattle hide, fresh (diary cow, from slaughterhouse, PEFCR allocation)Extension DB XIV “construction materials”: 2 new processesDE: Bathing and shower tub enamel (approximation)DE: Cable 5 wire (EN15804 C4)Extension DB XVI “seat covers”: 4 new processesDiverse grain leather datasets and cattle hide for DEExtension DB XVII “full US”: 41 new processesElectricity grid mix for several US subregions, Caprolactam mix, EPD for non-hazardous waste disposed, calcination carbon emissions,…And 2 new plans:US: Electricity grid mix (production mix)US: Electricity grid mix, Puerto Rico (production mix)Extension DB XXI “India”: 2 new processesIN: Cumene (isopropylbenzene) (C9H12)IN: Natural Rubber (NR) (incl. LUC emissions)Extension DB XXII “carbon composites”: 16 new processesDiverse carbon fiber (CF) and Tailored-Fiber-Placement (TFP) datasets from Fraunhofer



3. LCIA Methodologies

Recommendation on less robust impact categories/methods: We recommend caution when drawing conclusions based on the impact results. This applies in principle to all impact categories - with impact methods of different quality, completeness and application experience being available – this more often applies to the resource depletion (minerals and metals) as well as the toxicity assessment methods (i.e. various human toxicity and eco-toxicity methods) , and - to a certain extent - water use/scarcity and land use. Individual methods might not be robust and proficient enough, and/or are overly strongly dependent on method choices (and/or are lacking application experience with widely used LCI databases) for making important decisions based on the results calculated with those impact assessment methods. Please refer to the respective method documentation by the method developer to understand the robustness and possible limitation of the individual method.


Technical note on conformity of some elementary flows (unchanged from February 2020): Following the revised EN 15804+A2:2019 (same as under the Environmental Footprint 2.0 and 3.0 rules), non-ILCD/EF compliant flows should never be characterized, even if there is a technical equivalence in an LCA context. This affects particularly ore resource flows of specific metal content (e.g., "Lead - zinc ore (4.6% - 0.6%”), "Iron ore”, …) and all minerals that are not included in the ILCD/EF flow list. Some datasets from industry associations and older EPD datasets—that Sphera is republishing unchanged—still make use of these flows. Therefore, those datasets may calculate relevantly lower impacts in "Resource depletion, minerals and metals” than they would if those flows were replaced by ILCD/EF compliant flows (e.g., in the above case "Zinc [Non-renewable elements]”, "Lead [Non-renewable elements]”, "Iron [Non-renewable elements]”). We therefore recommend caution when using such datasets in models intended to apply the impact methods/quantities of EN 15804+A2:2019, EF 2.0 and EF 3.0.

In addition, please note that for all LCIA methodologies in GaBi, we provide the characterization factors exclusively for elementary flows that are actively used anywhere in the GaBi databases (and in any other data licensed to GaBi clients, such as e.g. the ecoinvent database). This is to avoid flooding users with unused elementary flows that would counteract efficient inventory work. If you ever require an elementary flow, that is not available in GaBi, please be aware that when creating that flow, you will potentially need to add the characterization factor of the LCIA Methodology that you foresee using.


4. Standards/compliance support and updates (Examples)

  • All GaBi datasets conform to ISO 14040 and 14044, similar is claimed by the developers of all other datasets from third parties that we distribute.
  • The water flows and land use flows of all GaBi relevant processes are regionalized, allowing you to apply the new EF-compliant AWaRe method and the WAVE+ method for water scarcity and the EF-compliant land use method LANCA, e.g., in the context of studies on the Environmental Footprint (PEF / OEF).
  • All existing datasets in the “Construction” extension database continue to be available in the modular structure of EN 15804, ensuring you can model and develop EPDs in compliance with this essential European construction standard, which is also the basis for most private EPD schemes, such as IBU or the International EPD Scheme. GaBi databases is a major LCI database in full support of EN 15804+A2, including modularity of LCI datasets, completeness of elementary flow and impact coverage, full documentation by the user in GaBi software and export/import from/to the mandatory ILCD data format and EF 3.0 flow list, plus having the EN 15804+A2 LCIA methods implemented.

Note that construction materials in the ''Full US'' extension database do not implement the European EN 15804, to better support their use in the US.

  • GaBi Databases and Software support EF (PEF/OEF)-compliant studies and modern data exchange, with full ILCD documentation functionality for your own data sets, with full import and export functionalities from / to ILCD, including mapping of flows, flow properties and units according to the current reference list of ILCD / EF from November 2018 (EF 2.0)
  • Extended LUC (land use change) update in February 2022: Emissions from direct land use change are calculated with the  approach “weighted average” (as required for compliance with the ENVIFOOD protocol; and with WRI GHG Protocol) based on the approach from PAS 2050-1:2012 and WRI GHG protocol.

Environmental Footprint – Important Note! (unchanged compared to February 2020 release)

Working with EF Data provided in GaBi

With the release of the GaBi Database 2019 Edition, we provided you with the official EF 2.0 characterization factors and the mapping to the official units and official elementary flows from the ILCD export/import function.

The EF 2.0 version is the only version that can be used to generate PEF/OEF results under both the pilot phase PEFCRs/OEFSRs and the transition phase until the EF 3.0 data sets are all made available by all providers and officially approved, expected later in 2022, and to create EF data as an ILCD export file.

In any case, do not use previous versions of EF characterization factors and ILCD zip archives before EF 2.0 anymore!

Earlier versions of EF/ILCD LCIA methods and flow lists have no official status and datasets developed with those earlier versions may not be EF compliant.

In case you have been using a previous version of the EF characterization factors, please update any created datasets with re-export. Similarly, recalculate the results using the EF 2.0 in GaBi, double checking the datasets created by users against recent official EF documents, before claiming compliance.

If you need assistance, please contact: gabi-data spamgeschützt @ spamgeschützt sphera.com

EF 3.0 is available online on the EC website since April 2019. You can only use this version for developing PEFCRs/OEFSRs during the transition phase and for any other PEF/OEF studies where a PEFCR/OEFSR is not available. The EF 3.0 LCIA methodologies are now available in GaBi, since the 25 June 2019 midyear update (Service Pack 39). For data exchange, the import/export with EF 3.0 flow list is also supported now, but as stated above until possibly mid 2022 there are no permitted use cases for the EF 3.0 datasets outside the European Commission’s ongoing PEFCR development process.

Benefits of GaBi Databases 2022 Edition

Work with the world's most comprehensive, current and most extensively documented high quality product sustainability data, annually upgraded, with in-depths quality assurance.

Base your decisions on the latest and most relevant LCIA methods on the market.

With about 13,500 plans and processes in the regular databases plus more than 3,500 data-on-demand datasets it is easy to find the right data for your specific requirements. You also have the assurance that this is the most accurate and up-to-date information of its kind, reflecting industrial realities and not just derived from energetic assumptions, simplified stoichiometric models or academic studies, as is often the case.

Environmental footprint (PEF / OEF) support — stay up-to-date with your projects by getting the latest information and changes on this European market and policy-driven development, access the complete GaBi-based and third-party provided EF 2.0 LCI data in GaBi for free and for fee-based use cases (please see here and contact us for more information).

Build EPDs and Life Cycle Assessments for entire buildings quickly and easily, compliant with EN 15804+A1 and EN 15804+A2. This saves your valuable time and helps you maintain your competitive advantage.

What do I need to do to get my upgrade on GaBi Databases 2022 Edition?

Nothing - we’ll deliver it straight to you!

On the date of release all clients with an active maintenance contract or subscription license receive an automatic upgrade of their GaBi Software and Databases.

Note: After that date, if you don’t receive the message that a new version is available, or when you check your GaBi software under “Help/Check for updates on thinkstep,” please contact your local GaBi sales representative. Your license may have expired.

Find out more GaBi Databases 2022 Edition

GaBi Database upgrade guide

Details and Reasons for Changes


If you have any urgent questions regarding your GaBi upgrade, please don’t hesitate to contact your local GaBi sales representative.

 

 

 


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